Understanding of APAR (Light Fire Extinguishers)

The Article

APAR (Light Fire Extinguisher) means Fire Extinguisher that can be carried and used and operated by one person and stand alone. Apar is a fire extinguisher that is used manually and directly directed at the position where the fire is located. Apar is known as a portable fire extinguisher that is easy to carry, fast and right in use for the start of the fire, as it is portable and lightweight that makes it easy to approach the fire area. Due to its functionality for early handling, the APAR placement must be placed in certain places to facilitate its use.

APAR function / use:

To prevent and extinguish a small fire.

APAR installation and placement:

a. Each APAR is installed in an easily visible and reachable position

b. The APAR installation should match the type of protected object / place

c. Each APAR must be mounted hang

d. APAR installation with max height. 1.2 mtr

e. APAR installation should not be room temperature greater than 49ºC and below 4ºC

APAR Technical Requirements:

1. Tube should be in good condition (not rusted)

2. Equipped with etiquette of ways of using which contains a brief sequence and clearly how to use it

3. Seals should be in good condition

4. There is no leakage on the high pressure gas cylinder membrane (Cartridge)

5. Slang should be in good condition and withstand high pressure.

6. APAR type foam / foam, the inner tubes are not leaked as well as the hole is not blocked

7. Raw materials should always be in good condition

8. Close the tube should be good and tightly closed

9. Tube color should be easily seen APAR types

APAR (Light Fire Extinguisher) aito.com.my (fire extinguisher maker) consists of several types, including:

1. Type of Water (Water).

Water type APAR is in the form of stored pressure type and gas cartridge type. Very good used for class A blackout.

2. Type of Foam (Foam).

The type of foam is an effective fire extinguisher for oil-fires. Usually used from aluminum sulphate and sodium bicarbonate flour which are both dissolved in water. The result is that the foam is 10 times the volume. Fire extinguisher by foam is an isolation system, ie to prevent oxygen from being involved in the reaction.

3. Types of Dry Chemical Powder.

This type is effective for class B and C fire and can also be grade A. A dry chemical powder powder contains two kinds of chemicals, namely Sodium Bicarboanate & Sodium Bicarbonate, CO2 or nitrogen gas as a propeller. Especially for D grade (metal) outages such as Magnesium, Titanium, Zarcanium, and others used metal-dry powder that are Sodium, Potassium, and Barium Chloride mixes.

4. Type Halon.

This type of APAR is effective for tackling flammable liquids and tensile electrical equipment (class B and C fires). Halon gas fire extinguishers usually consist of chemical elements such as chlorine, flourine, bromide and iodine.

5. Type of CO2.

Extinguishing agents of CO2 are effective for extinguishing Class B (oil) and C (electricity) fire. Works to reduce oxygen levels and to effectively extinguish fires that occur indoors (indoor). Extinguishing with this gas can reduce oxygen levels to below 12%.